Wildlife protection act 1972 pdf file

Date published 
  1. Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements
  2. Wildlife Protection Act 1972 was passed on this day: About the act and how it changed
  3. India’s Wildlife Protection Act, 1972- An overview
  4. Wildlife Protection Act - GKToday

THE WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, (No. 53 of ). (9th September, ). An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants]1 and . Try out the HTML to PDF API. THE INDIAN WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, (as amended 2. Appointment of Chief Wildlife Warden and other officers. The Wildlife (Protection) Act (with Amendment Acts of and )1. This is an Act which provides for the protection of wild animals.

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Wildlife Protection Act 1972 Pdf File

(1) This Act may be called the Wild Life (Protection) Act, (3) different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act or for. The Wild Life (Protection) Act, (Act No. 53 of ). An Act to provide for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connected. The Wildlife Protection Act, is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of .. Print/export. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.

Conservation Reserves Community Reserves National parks and Tiger Reserves are by law more strictly protected, allowing virtually no human activity except that which is in the interest of wildlife conservation. Grazing and private tenurial rights are disallowed in National Parks but can be allowed in sanctuaries at the discretion of the Chief Wildlife Warden. The amended WLPA does not allow for any commercial exploitation of forest produce in both national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, and local communities can collect forest produce only for their bona fide needs. No wild mammal, bird, amphibian, reptile, fish, crustacean, insects, or coelenterates listed in four Schedules of the WLPA can be hunted either within or outside protected areas. On conviction, the penalty for hunting is imprisonment for a period ranging from a minimum of three to a maximum of seven years with fines not less than 10, rupees. Community reserves and conservation reserves are two new categories of protected areas that have been included under the WLPA. These two categories provide a greater role for local communities, stakeholders and civil society as well as the opportunity to protect many areas of conservation value that cannot be designated under strict categories such as wildlife sanctuaries or national parks. The statute prohibits the destruction or diversion of wildlife and its habitat by any method unless it is for improvement or better management and this is decided by the state government in consultation with the National and State Boards for Wildlife. The WLPA contains elaborate procedures for dealing with legal rights in proposed protected areas and acquisition of any land or interest under this law is deemed as an acquisition for a public purpose. However, with the enactment of The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Act, , compliance of various provisions relating to tenurial and community rights must be ensured. Apart from protected area establishment, other important aspects of the WLPA include procedures for the appointment of state wildlife authorities and wildlife boards, the regulation of trade in wildlife products and the prevention, detection and punishment of violations of the WLPA. The amendment introduced a new chapter IV B for establishment of the National Tiger Conservation Authority and notification of Tiger Reserves before this amendment, Tiger Reserves were not defined under the law, but were merely administrative designations to enable funding under Project Tiger. The WLPA provides for investigation and prosecution of offences in a court of law by authorized officers of the forest department and police officers. Most of these untitled lands had traditionally belonged to the forest dwelling communities.

This includes the resettlement of people, if required, and the land acquisition process. Once the sanctuary is functional, the Chief Wildlife Warden is the highest authority for the sanctuary. It is not strictly off-limits.

National Parks- The state governments are again responsible for taking initiative in declaring a site as National Park. The boundary of a National Park is fixed and clearly specified, unlike a sanctuary.

Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

If this boundary needs to be changed for any purpose, a motion has to be passed in favor of it in the Legislative Assembly of the state. Closed Areas- These are areas that are temporarily off limits for a particular duration of time. Oftentimes, this for regulation of hunting of animals.

Zoos- Under Chapter IV-A, zoos have been recognized to help in ex-situ conservation, when protection in-situ is not possible or impractical.

If a person is found guilty of breaching this Act unless provisions are stated , it can lead to an imprisonment of a minimum of three years and a fine of minimum of 25, rupees.

This Bureau will be called the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau and has powers to set up infrastructure to monitor activities in Tiger Reserves, apprehend violations of national and international laws and treaties and even prescribe punishment. This was a landmark Act in the environmental movement of India.

Schedule V delineates the animal species that can be hunted, like deer or ducks, and the rules pertaining to their hunting. Schedule VI covers the protection and trade of medicinal plants as well as agricultural species of plants. Chapter IV of this act spells out the rules for the different types of protected areas that will be marked out for the protection of wildlife.

Chapter V concerns with the trade and commerce involving wild animals, as well as prohibition of the hunting of trophy animals. It states that every wild animal is the property of the Indian Government.

A license is maintained by the government for the regulation of hunting as well as possession of wildlife parts.

Chapter VI spells out the punishments for different offences.

Wildlife Protection Act 1972 was passed on this day: About the act and how it changed

Protected Areas The Act talks about the setting up of three types of Protected Areas for the protection of wildlife. These are- Wildlife Sanctuaries- A state government can declare any area as a wildlife sanctuary if it feels that the area has the necessary ecological importance. The setting up of the sanctuary is then taken up by the concerned District Collector. This includes the resettlement of people, if required, and the land acquisition process.

Once the sanctuary is functional, the Chief Wildlife Warden is the highest authority for the sanctuary.

National Ministry of Environment and Forests. Related topics. Retrieved 26 September Indian legislation.

India’s Wildlife Protection Act, 1972- An overview

Retrieved from " https: Animal welfare and rights legislation Wildlife conservation in India Acts of the Parliament of India Environmental law in India in the environment Wildlife law. Hidden categories: Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 12 April , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. An Act to provide for the protection of Wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto.

Wildlife Protection Act - GKToday

Act No. Protected areas Biosphere reserves Wildlife sanctuaries Conservation areas Private protected areas Reserved and protected forests Conservation and community reserves Communal forests Lists National parks Ramsar Sites.

Wild Life Protection Amendment Act, [3].

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